Bubble King 250 de Luxe intern
aq. 800-2000 L. / 1500 L / h. / 2000 L. water / h. ground surface vl. 28 x 45 cm. Height 65cm. Pump 45w.
A protein skimmer, foam fractioner or protein skimmer is a device used in seawater aquariums to remove organic compounds from the water before they break into nitrogenous waste.
Protein skimming is the only form of aquarium filtration that physically removes organic compounds before they begin to decompose, reducing the load on the biological filter and improving the redox potential of the water.
Although the foam splitting process is known for removing waste from aquariums, a rapidly evolving chemical process in the large-scale removal of contaminated waste water streams and enrichment of biomolecule solutions is in fact of interest.
Bubble King 250 de Luxe intern
Protein skimming removes certain organic compounds, including proteins and amino acids, with the polarity of the protein itself. Due to their intrinsic charge, water-borne proteins are either repelled or attracted to the air / water interface and these molecules can be described as hydrophobic (e.g. fats and oils) and hydrophilic (such as salt, sugar, ammonia, most amino acids and most inorganic compounds). However, some larger organic molecules have both hydrophobic and hydrophilic portions. These amphipathic molecules have been called either amphiphilic. Commercial protein skimming works by generating a large air / water interface, in particular by injecting large numbers of bubbles into the water column. In general, the smaller the bubbles, the more effectively the protein skimmers because the surface of small bubbles occupy the same volume as larger bubbles of the same size. A large number of small bubbles provides a large air / water interface for hydrophobic organic molecules and amphiphatic organic molecules to collect on the bubble surface (the air / water interface). Water movement accelerates diffusion of organic molecules, which actually brings more organic molecules to the air / water interface and allows the organic molecules to accumulate on the surface of the air bubbles. This process continues until the interface is saturated, unless the bubble bursts, releasing the accumulated molecules back into the water column.
All the foam that has been collected at the top of the protein skimmer water column starts to run out and causes the foam to carry the organic molecules to the skimmate canister or a separate skimmate collector.
Organic molecules, and any inorganic molecules that may be bound to the organic molecules, will be discharged from the water system.
In addition to the proteins removed by skimming, there are a number of other organic and inorganic molecules that are typically removed. These include a variety of fats, fatty acids, carbohydrates, metals such as copper and trace elements such as iodine. Particles and other waste are also removed, along with phytoplankton and bacteria. This removal is highly desirable by the aquarist and is often enhanced by the placement of the skimmer for other forms of filtration, thus reducing the load on the filtration system as a whole.
Protein skimmers are used to conserve algae and phytoplankton for cultivation or for commercial sale as live cultures.
Qualities of the Royal Exclusive Bubble King Series
Diameter varies from 200 to 650 mm.
All pipes are made of GS plexiglass, with a wall thickness of 4 to 6 mm.
Loading manifold with tapered holes for extra turbulence in the reactor pipe.
The foam cup can easily be loosened by hand, and thanks to the inlaid 2.5 mm silicone ring, it easily seals without salt crystals forming on the outside.
The foam cup only needs 20 mm to be able to remove it.
By slightly turning the outlet pipe, the water level in the foamer can be adjusted very precisely.
The foamers are supplied with converted Red-Dragon pumps. These are constructed in such a way that no limescale deposits can occur between the rotor and the housing, by means of an anti-limescale bypass.
The rotor has been completely adapted, it has teeth made of titanium and with this air and water are mixed in the ideal way.
The bearings and screws are also made of titanium, which makes it very strong.
Because everything is made so accurately, it makes little noise.
The power consumption is between 38 and 78 watts, the amount of water is from 3,000 to 10,000 liters, and the amount of air is between 1,000 and 3,000 liters of air per hour. All this is measured at a water height of 45 to 65cm.
The standard foamers go up to a maximum of 10,000 liters
Royal Exclusive Bubble King 250 DeLuxe Intern
for aquariums from 800 liters – 2,000 liters
1,500 l / h Air – 3,000 l / h Water = 1 Pump (Bubble King) BK 1500.
Bottom plate: 29 cm